Cataracts are among the most frequent disorders in small dogs such as Pomeranians. With this condition, the lens of the eye becomes cloudy gradually and the vision gets hazy.
Most of the Cataract cases in dogs are inherited and they nearly always occur in both eyes. The disease can become noticeable at different ages, extending from puppy’s birth to over 8 years of age.
The development of Cataracts:
- At or around birth are named congenital
- Under 2 years of age are termed juvenile cataracts
- Between 2-6 years are termed adult onset
- In older dogs are generally not of an inherited nature.
The other causes include injury to the eye, diabetes mellitus, old age, electric shock and inflammation of the uveitis (eye’s uvea, the pigmented layer between the inner retina and the outer fibrous layer composed of the sclera and cornea).
Symptoms of Cataract:
- Colour of the eye will change to blue, gray or white
- The dog will collide with things in its way (due to blurred vision)
- The area around the eyes will swell
- Redness in the eye
- The dog will rub his eyes often
The Veterinarian/ ophthalmologist makes the diagnosis by eye examination to confirm that the cataract is exists in the eye lens.
The cataracts can be removed surgically. It should be performed at the early stage to decrease chances of complications. If the condition is left untreated and not removed, the cataracts can lead to blindness.
To improve post-surgical vision, an intraocular replacement lens may be placed.