If your dog is losing fur, you may be wondering what’s causing the Pomeranian hair loss. The signs of hair loss can be apparent in the form of patches or overall thinning of fur. You may be concerned and wonder if it is a sign of a problem or if the hair loss is causing your Pom discomfort. Here are some reasons why your Pomeranian is shedding fur.
Pomeranian Hair Loss Causes
In the first year, Pomeranian puppies go through a stage called puppy uglies, when their fluffy puppy coat is shed. Pomeranian hair loss will occur when a Pomeranian transforms from a puppy into an adult dog. During this transition period, the thin and wispy hair will grow into the trademark adult double coat. This typically lasts for about 6 months, from when your Pomeranian puppy is 4 to 10 months old.
Poms coats should be brushed twice a week to maintain them in good condition. Brushing too frequently or trimming your Pom’s fur to the undercoat layer may result in excessive hair loss. If your Pom’s fur is cut too short, it may never regrow to the original condition.
Hormonal and Seasonal Shedding
In climates with seasonal changes, Poms may shed their undercoats over several weeks twice a year. Indoor Pomeranian dogs will usually shed fur equally all year round. Unspayed females will also shed a moderate amount of fur after a heat cycle (about twice a year). Heat cycles usually last for about two to three weeks.
Alopecia in Pomeranians
Alopecia is one of the health issues Pomeranians can suffer from. It refers to a condition in which hair loss occurs for unknown reasons. Some vets believe it is due to growth hormone deficiencies. Alopecia is often called black skin disease. The abnormal hair loss can occur at any time between 1 and 10 years old, and may happen after the puppy uglies, so that the adult coat may not grow in. Alopecia may result in skin pigments changing colour.
Allergies are a frequent cause of hair loss in dogs. Triggers for allergies can come from environmental and food sources or flea infestations. Environmental triggers such as pollen, moulds and dust mites, or parasitic triggers like fleas or mites may cause hair loss, as may food allergies. Typical symptoms of an adverse allergic reaction include itchiness resulting in noticeable scratching, biting, and hair loss. Flea preventatives are recommended to minimize threats of flea infestations.
Other Causes of Pomeranian Hair Loss
Sudden and visible hair fall could be due to a specific disease, depression or changes in diet. The coat may diminish after surgery and can be restored if you have trimmed the fur and not shaved it completely. Retaining the Pomeranian coat after surgery is a big problem for the owners as it may be difficult to reverse the hair growth after shaving.
Steps to Minimise Pomeranian Hair Loss
To minimize your Pomeranian hair loss and to regrow fur, try some of these:
- Gently massaging the skin below the fur when grooming to stimulate blood flow to hair follicles. Increased blood circulation carrying nutrients can spur hair growth.
- Taking care of any fur dullness and roughness immediately.
- Using a good quality canine shampoo and conditioner to help to keep your Pom’s skin and fur clean and in good condition.
- Preferably using a leave-in conditioner for dogs after baths.
- Using good grooming tools when grooming your Pomeranian.
- Avoiding factors that may cause hair loss such as possible allergy triggers.
Last but not least, remember to feed your Pom good supplements as diet is an important factor in keeping Pomeranian hair growth healthy. Good supplements, particularly vitamins and omega-3 supplements can help prevent Pomeranian hair loss and assist in hair growth.
If you are concerned with significant hair loss in your Pom, it is important to have him looked at by a vet.