Pomeranians are one of the smallest dog breeds and are extremely devoted and lively dogs. They are intelligent, alert and eager to learn. Poms are a happy and friendly breed, but they are also known to be temperamental at times. Pomeranians have a naturally wilful nature. They make excellent companions and are a great addition to the family when trained properly.
- History of Pomeranians
Pomeranians first appeared in the Prussian region of Pomerania, which is now recognized as Poland and Germany. They are the descendants of the ancient sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland known as the Spitz breed. At first, Pomeranians were large in size and were also used to herd sheep. Later, they were bred to a smaller size in Pomerania, which is also the place from where the breed received their name.
Pomeranians were not a popular breed until a dog was brought to England in 1888 and was presented as a gift to Queen Victoria. Due to the popularity of the breed with the Queen, it was not long before owning a Pomeranian was considered high fashion. After their popularity was established in England, Pomeranians were brought to America during the 20th century and quickly became a hit. Pomeranians in the past had less puffy coats, larger bones and ears, and weighed about 6 pounds.
Poms are celebrated for their intelligence and their capacity to work hard. They may be used for search and rescue, eg. to find survivors in an earthquake. They are also used for hearing assistance during therapies for the ill and elderly in nursing homes.