Pomeranians, also known as poms, are quick learners, very alert, energetic and intelligent dogs. This beautiful breed is easy to love and enjoy when they are well trained.
The key to a well trained Pomeranian dog is the relationship between the owner and his pom. It is imperative that the Pomeranians are taught to respect their owners. If your Pomeranian does not respect you, he will not listen to you. Teach your dog specific words in specific ways so that your dog not only learns the words but also develops a respectful attitude that makes him happy to obey you.
Training your pom starts the day you bring him home. Start by teaching your new dog daily routines:
- Time to get up and bed times
- Meal times
- Location of food, water, bed, toys and bathroom
Patiently teaching him these routines will pay off in the long run, as it will establish house rules and make both your lives easier in the future.
If you are bringing home a puppy, confine your pom to a crate, a pen, or by using baby gates to section off a small space (laundry room, kitchen), until he is housebroken. He needs to understand that he will not be allowed to move freely around until then (except when you are playing, feeding, grooming or walking him). Very small dogs may not be ready to go outside yet, so will require an indoor bathroom.
Positively reinforce good behaviour in your pom by making sure that you reward your dog with praise after he has behaved well, eg. when he urinates or defecates in his potty spot when he is being housebroken. You can also reward your dog by giving him treats, some playtime, or a walk.
In addition, a Pomeranian should be well socialized or he could become suspicious of, or behave aggressively towards strangers. A well socialized dog will get along politely with strangers and other animals. Well-meaning owners can often shelter their dog too much and not engage their dog in sufficient socialization activities. Walking your pom on a lead and in the presence of other dogs, strangers and other animals will train him to socialize with others.
Pomeranians love to bark, which make them excellent watchdogs. However, if you let the barking get out of control, it can become a problem. Barking should be kept in check from an early age.
Poms have a long double coat that frequently require brushing almost every day. They also shed their undercoat twice a year, so expect tufts of fur scattered around your home during or around shedding season. Pomeranians live an average life of 12 – 16 years. They are prone to heart, skin, eye and knee problems. They are also prone to early tooth loss which is common among many other toy breeds. They should always be fed dry food to help keep their teeth and gums healthy. Proper diet from an early age is a must to keep weight appropriate and tooth loss from occurring.